Â You also published a graphic novel of Bryant and May. Were you conscious of the fact about giving people an image of the two gentlemen which may not have correlated with their own personal image of your elderly detectives
In the series of episodes in Barcelona at the end of Part Two, Don Quijote nears the conclusion of a journey of self-discovery and, as in several other defining moments of the novel, encounters technology. Multiple clashes with the technological innovations of the Early Modern era occur throughout both parts of Cervantes' novel (Jaksic 76-77). Technology asserts itself as a metaphor for the modern world that Don Quijote struggles to understand, beginning with the episode of the windmills, continuing through his encounters with fulling mills, artillery, water mills, and mechanical contraptions like Clavileño and culminating in the final scenes in the urban setting of Barcelona. Just before his defeat at the hands of the Knight of the White Moon, Don Quijote has two final adventures involving machines. He participates in an interview with an enchanted head and then confronts the modern machinery of the printing industry--two distinct but complementary episodes that serve to strip away the most fundamental constructs of Don Quijote's chivalric fantasy and reveal them as illusion.
John J. Allen, following Unamuno's lead, has classified the Barcelona adventures, beginning with Don Quijote's triumphal procession into the modern city, as a via crucis that depicts the protagonist's arrival at the \"nadir of the knight's social existence\" in advance of his final downfall (Allen 49; Unamuno 467). Juan Bautista Avalle-Arce likewise interprets the Barcelona adventures as marking \"un radical cambio de orientación en las vidas de [los protagonistas]\" (45). While the visit to the print shop and its commercial treatment of books is recognized as an important step along Don Quijote's path to desengaño, the accompanying episode of the enchanted head has received less critical attention. Unamuno declared the episode impertinent, a mere \"curiosidad de industria,\" drawing an oblique comparison to the intercalated stories of Part One for which Cervantes had been criticized (468). Far from a mere curiosity, however, the enchanted head episode plays an important role in the development of Don Quijote's character and in the novel's ongoing critique of chivalric fiction. This brief scene focuses on yet another machine, a mechanical oracular statue, and depicts the seventeenth-century practice of using ingenious devices to illustrate and reveal mysteries of nature, all in the context of the urbane parlor games so popular in Early Modern Europe among the nascent bourgeoisie. In the process, the episode strips away the illusion of enchantment, the life force of Don Quijote's chivalric existence, revealing enchantment itself to be not only a deception, but also a product of the human ingenio. The juxtaposition of the enchanted head and the printing press episodes establishes Chapter 62 as a bipartite deconstruction of the foundations of Don Quijote's mythical worldview, reducing chivalric books and the marvelous fictional worlds inscribed therein to products of technological innovation, commercial enterprise, and the creative imagination.
As the readers of Alice Kaplan's enchanting memoir ''French Lessons'' will remember, Brasillach's ghost has haunted her for a long time. In the course of doing research on French fascist writers for her doctorate at Yale 20 years ago, this daughter of a Nuremberg prosecutor not only read through the man's voluminous works (including novels and a much-read history of the cinema), but immersed herself in the repellent milieu of his surviving friends and apologists, carrying out long interviews with his brother-in-law, the fascist literary critic and Holocaust denier Maurice Bardèche. ''I ate lunch each day with the extended family,'' she wrote in ''French Lessons,'' and told how one day she brought a plum tart as a gift. ''Bardèche's wife Suzanne said, 'Robert loved these plums.' . . . I understood that she lived with her dead brother every day, he was there at the table.'' 59ce067264